Education has been and will continue to be an important part of our lives. Its crucial role in the development of human beings cannot be denied compared with other areas and literacy is by nature, an ever-evolving concept, what it means to be literate continues to expand as we move from one decade to the next.

Literacy adds a perspective on the development of language and writing that helpfully informs the discussion on reading – the acquisition of reading literacy and one of the ways to bring about more quality research and better development in the area of education can be realized through disseminating the research findings of scholars from all parts of the world.

Meanwhile, the enormous rise in informational activities due to the Internet and other information technology-enabled opportunities has made literacy skills increasingly important to more people which means literacy education must be improved in the aspect of being able to find, select, interpret, analyze, and produce information so more children in the world get better chances. Parents play an important role as they are the child’s first teacher and their love to read have a powerful influence on their children’s attitude toward development. Also, the older siblings who love to read play a key role in the literacy lives of children, not only by modeling reading but by sharing reading materials, talking about literature, recommending reading resources and helping to teach their younger siblings how to read.

Development is an area of considerable importance to educators, parents and others, but it may be wise for educators and others concerned about the literacy development of children to provide resources that encourage the mediation among siblings that may help to facilitate their development of independent reading habits.

High quality teaching has been identified as the most important school-level factor impacting pupil achievement and exploring how research can be used most effectively to inform the development of teacher education programmes and professional learning of teachers in ways that will result in ‘high quality teaching’. In research literacy, teachers need to be able to generate and evaluate appropriate evidence they collect from their everyday practice, and at the same time, make sense of findings from appropriate educational research in order to inform, develop and translate ideas into practice in a way that is meaningful and manageable to themselves, their pupils, and colleagues, also research literacy involves the ability to draw on and integrate different kinds of evidence gained both intuitively and rationally dependent on.

Early age learning is crucial and research has shown that children who lag behind in early years’ reading and writing development encounter considerable difficulties in following education later on as texts get longer and more complicated as there is a need to consider better methods for literacy development.

Here are six traits for teaching literacy well:

Time: spend more time on reading and writing.

Text: have lots of books for children to read.

Teach: actively teach useful strategies.

Talk: let students talk about how and what they are learning.

Task: give students longer assignments to build stamina, instead of short tasks.

Test: make sure to assess children during the project and not just on a one-time test.

Meanwhile, young children look to their teachers as models for how to behave and think so teachers should talk about what they are doing and thinking as they read aloud and consider other ways to improve literacy instruction by dedicating classroom time for reading every single day, allowing children to self-select their books, ensure students have a plan for what they will be reading and why, teach them that reading preferences are okay but that they should also explore new topics.



Article by Blessing Bassey

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