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TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Technological innovation represents a way for developing world nations to foster sustainable development, improve levels of education and training. The stage of development the human being has arrived could have been possible without the advancement in technology. A commitment to increasing the level of literacy and numeracy must be a prime requirement for all nations.

How development takes place with the advancement of technology is enormous leaving a scar to threaten the human society. The development of technology, which itself is symptomatic of development, has brought about not only economic development but also radical changes in the social, economic and cultural spheres of society. Wireless technology and ICT infrastructure development are vital for entrepreneurship and small business development; it is a major challenge to gain access to capital and market information. Developing nations specifically do not have a functioning infrastructure or much in the way of financial resources.

So wireless communications play an important role in education and training, it has been proved to assist people to communicate with one another, access market information, sell products across geographic areas, reach new consumers, enter mobile payment systems, reduce fraud and crime, and empower women and the disadvantaged. Access to mobile technology is particularly important for females because there are 300 million fewer women globally than men who own mobile devices. Overall, there is a 21% gender gap in owning a phone worldwide, but this number rises to 23% in Africa, 24% in the Middle East, and 37% in Asia. Mobile technology offers extensive help on various forms of social and economic development.

The sustained prosperity of a nation depends upon the level and quality of its education system. Education empowers individuals and maximizes national intellectual resources in order to sustain social and economic progress for the benefit of all. Access to free compulsory education is a right, and nations must address the appropriate length of the educational experience to meet national needs for the development of their intellectual capacity. Technology has brought about efficiency and quality in the manufacturing sector also. Technological advancement has reduced the risk involved in manufacturing enterprises. There has been a tremendous improvement in the field of health the world over not only the average age of people has increased but the mortality rate has also declined considerably and there is perhaps no field of human life which has not been affected by technology.

Agriculture, industry, profession, health, education, art, political processes, recreation, religious activities and daily life activities all are under the influence of technology so therefore technological advances are a driving force for development. But policy choices determine who benefits.

Article by: Blessing Bassey

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